The Union Association survived for only one season (1884), as did the Players' League (1890), an attempt to return to the National Association structure of a league controlled by the players themselves. Both leagues are considered major leagues by many baseball researchers because of the perceived high caliber of play and the number of star players featured. However, some researchers have disputed the major league status of the Union Association, pointing out that franchises came and went and contending that the St. Louis club, which was deliberately "stacked" by the league's president (who owned that club), was the only club that was anywhere close to major league caliber.
It is widely speculated that Bonds started using steroids and other performance enhancing drugs in 1998. Why would he start using then? Well, the 1998 season was when McGwire and Sammy Sosa spent all summer racing each other to see who would set the new seasonal home run record. Both would eclipse Roger Maris' record. Bonds wanted in on the glory. He would go on to shatter the steroid-fueled McGwire record with one of his own. If you look at his statistics from 1998, he's still a Hall of Fame player. However, no matter how many times he's said he didn't cheat, we all know perfectly well that he did.