There is interest in the relationship between bronchiolitis in early childhood and later development of asthma. Infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus have an increased risk of recurrent wheezing during the first 10 years of life. Some studies have also noted an increased risk of asthma following an episode of bronchiolitis, although it is unclear if the risk of asthma is increased due to bronchiolitis or other risk factors (eg, genetic predisposition to asthma, environmental irritants such as cigarette smoke).
1. Paediatric Society of New Zealand. (2005). “Best Practice Evidence Based Guideline: Wheeze and Chest Infection in Infants Under 1 Year”. The Society.
2. Papadopoulos NG; Moustaki M; Tsolia M; Bossios A; Astra E; Prezerakou A (2002). Am J Respir Crit Care Med.
3. American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis. Diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis. Pediatrics 2006; 118:1774.
4. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Bronchiolitis in children. A national clinical guideline. 2006. http:///pdf/